Income Tax in India
In the modern times, income tax is an annual tax on income. The Indian Income Tax Act – (Section 4) provides that in respect of the total income of the previous year of every person, income tax shall be charged for the corresponding assessment year at the rates laid down by the Finance Act for that assessment year. Section 14 of the Income Tax Act – External website that opens in a new window further provides that for the purpose of charge of income tax and computation of total income all income shall be classified under the following heads of income: salaries, income from house property, profits and gains of business or profession, capital gains, income from other sources.
The total income from all the above heads of income is calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Act as they stand on the first day of April of any assessment year. The Income Tax Department – External website that opens in a new window is responsible for all activities related to the taxation process.
WHO IS TO PAY INCOME TAX?
The word income has a very broad and inclusive meaning. In case of a salaried person, all that is received from an employer in cash, kind or as a facility is considered as income. For a businessman, his net profits will constitute income. Income may also flow from investments in the form of Interest, Dividend, and Commission etc. Infact the Income Tax Act does not differentiate between legal and illegal income for the purpose of taxation. Under the Act, all incomes earned by people are classified into five different heads, such as: income from salary, income from house property, income from business or profession, income from capital gains and income from other sources.
The E-Filing – External website that opens in a new window facility was introduced by the Income Tax Department for the first time during assessment year 2006-07. At present, it is mandatory for companies and firms requiring statutory audit under Section 44AB to e-file their Income Tax Returns. Also, the e-filing benefit has been extended to all assesses.
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